Timezone: »

Class-Disentanglement and Applications in Adversarial Detection and Defense
Kaiwen Yang · Tianyi Zhou · Yonggang Zhang · Xinmei Tian · Dacheng Tao

Wed Dec 08 04:30 PM -- 06:00 PM (PST) @ Virtual
What is the minimum necessary information required by a neural net $D(\cdot)$ from an image $x$ to accurately predict its class? Extracting such information in the input space from $x$ can allocate the areas $D(\cdot)$ mainly attending to and shed novel insights to the detection and defense of adversarial attacks. In this paper, we propose ''class-disentanglement'' that trains a variational autoencoder $G(\cdot)$ to extract this class-dependent information as $x - G(x)$ via a trade-off between reconstructing $x$ by $G(x)$ and classifying $x$ by $D(x-G(x))$, where the former competes with the latter in decomposing $x$ so the latter retains only necessary information for classification in $x-G(x)$. We apply it to both clean images and their adversarial images and discover that the perturbations generated by adversarial attacks mainly lie in the class-dependent part $x-G(x)$. The decomposition results also provide novel interpretations to classification and attack models. Inspired by these observations, we propose to conduct adversarial detection and adversarial defense respectively on $x - G(x)$ and $G(x)$, which consistently outperform the results on the original $x$. In experiments, this simple approach substantially improves the detection and defense against different types of adversarial attacks.

Author Information

Kaiwen Yang (University of Science and Technology of China)
Tianyi Zhou (University of Washington, Seattle)
Tianyi Zhou

Tianyi Zhou (https://tianyizhou.github.io) is a tenure-track assistant professor of computer science at the University of Maryland, College Park. He received his Ph.D. from the school of computer science & engineering at the University of Washington, Seattle. His research interests are in machine learning, optimization, and natural language processing (NLP). His recent works study curriculum learning that can combine high-level human learning strategies with model training dynamics to create a hybrid intelligence. The applications include semi/self-supervised learning, robust learning, reinforcement learning, meta-learning, ensemble learning, etc. He published >80 papers and is a recipient of the Best Student Paper Award at ICDM 2013 and the 2020 IEEE Computer Society TCSC Most Influential Paper Award.

Yonggang Zhang (ustc)
Xinmei Tian (University of Science and Technology of China)
Dacheng Tao (University of Technology, Sydney)

More from the Same Authors