`

Timezone: »

 
Improving the Fairness of Deep Chest X-ray Classifiers
Haoran Zhang · Natalie Dullerud · Karsten Roth · Stephen Pfohl · Marzyeh Ghassemi

Deep learning models have reached or surpassed human-level performance in the field of medical imaging, especially in disease diagnosis using chest x-rays. However, prior work has found that such classifiers can exhibit biases in the form of gaps in predictive performance across protected groups. In this paper, we benchmark the performance of nine methods in improving the fairness of these classifiers. We utilize the minimax definition of fairness, which focuses on maximizing the performance of the worst-case group. Our experiments show that certain methods are able to improve worst-case performance for selected metrics and protected attributes. However, we find that the magnitude of such gains is limited. Finally, we provide best practices for selecting fairness definitions for use in the clinical setting.

Author Information

Haoran Zhang (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Natalie Dullerud (University of Toronto, Vector Institute)
Karsten Roth (University of Tuebingen)
Stephen Pfohl (Stanford University)
Marzyeh Ghassemi (University of Toronto, Vector Institute)

More from the Same Authors

  • 2021 Poster: Learning Optimal Predictive Checklists »
    Haoran Zhang · Quaid Morris · Berk Ustun · Marzyeh Ghassemi
  • 2021 Poster: Characterizing Generalization under Out-Of-Distribution Shifts in Deep Metric Learning »
    Timo Milbich · Karsten Roth · Samarth Sinha · Ludwig Schmidt · Marzyeh Ghassemi · Bjorn Ommer
  • 2020 Workshop: Machine Learning for Health (ML4H): Advancing Healthcare for All »
    Stephanie Hyland · Allen Schmaltz · Charles Onu · Ehi Nosakhare · Emily Alsentzer · Irene Y Chen · Matthew McDermott · Subhrajit Roy · Benjamin Akera · Dani Kiyasseh · Fabian Falck · Griffin Adams · Ioana Bica · Oliver J Bear Don't Walk IV · Suproteem Sarkar · Stephen Pfohl · Andrew Beam · Brett Beaulieu-Jones · Danielle Belgrave · Tristan Naumann
  • 2019 : Coffee Break and Poster Session »
    Rameswar Panda · Prasanna Sattigeri · Kush Varshney · Karthikeyan Natesan Ramamurthy · Harvineet Singh · Vishwali Mhasawade · Shalmali Joshi · Laleh Seyyed-Kalantari · Matthew McDermott · Gal Yona · James Atwood · Hansa Srinivasan · Yonatan Halpern · D. Sculley · Behrouz Babaki · Margarida Carvalho · Josie Williams · Narges Razavian · Haoran Zhang · Amy Lu · Irene Y Chen · Xiaojie Mao · Angela Zhou · Nathan Kallus
  • 2019 : Coffee Break + Poster Session I »
    Wei-Hung Weng · Simon Kohl · Aiham Taleb · Arijit Patra · Khashayar Namdar · Matthias Perkonigg · Shizhan Gong · Abdullah-Al-Zubaer Imran · Amir Abdi · Ilja Manakov · Johannes C. Paetzold · Ben Glocker · Dushyant Sahoo · Shreyas Fadnavis · Karsten Roth · Xueqing Liu · Yifan Zhang · Alexander Preuhs · Fabian Eitel · Anusua Trivedi · Tomer Weiss · Darko Stern · Liset Vazquez Romaguera · Johannes Hofmanninger · Aakash Kaku · Oloruntobiloba Olatunji · Anastasia Razdaibiedina · Tao Zhang
  • 2019 : Poster Session I »
    Shuangjia Zheng · Arnav Kapur · Umar Asif · Eyal Rozenberg · Cyprien Gilet · Oleksii Sidorov · Yogesh Kumar · Tom Van Steenkiste · William Boag · David Ouyang · Paul Jaeger · Sheng Liu · Aparna Balagopalan · Deepta Rajan · Marta Skreta · Nikhil Pattisapu · Jann Goschenhofer · Viraj Prabhu · Di Jin · Laura-Jayne Gardiner · Irene Li · sriram kumar · Qiyuan Hu · Mehul Motani · Justin Lovelace · Usman Roshan · Lucy Lu Wang · Ilya Valmianski · Hyeonwoo Lee · Sunil Mallya · Elias Chaibub Neto · Jonas Kemp · Marie Charpignon · Amber Nigam · Wei-Hung Weng · Sabri Boughorbel · Alexis Bellot · Lovedeep Gondara · Haoran Zhang · Mohammad Taha Bahadori · John Zech · Rulin Shao · Edward Choi · Laleh Seyyed-Kalantari · Emily Aiken · Ioana Bica · Yiqiu Shen · Kieran Chin-Cheong · Subhrajit Roy · Ioana Baldini · So Yeon Min · Dirk Deschrijver · Pekka Marttinen · Damian Pascual Ortiz · Supriya Nagesh · Niklas Rindtorff · Andriy Mulyar · Katharina Hoebel · Martha Shaka · Pierre Machart · Leon Gatys · Nathan Ng · Matthias Hüser · Devin Taylor · Dennis Barbour · Natalia Martinez · Clara McCreery · Benjamin Eyre · Vivek Natarajan · Ren Yi · Ruibin Ma · Chirag Nagpal · Nan Du · Chufan Gao · Anup Tuladhar · Sam Shleifer · Jason Ren · Pouria Mashouri · Ming Yang Lu · Farideh Bagherzadeh-Khiabani · Olivia Choudhury · Maithra Raghu · Scott Fleming · Mika Jain · GUO YANG · Alena Harley · Stephen Pfohl · Elisabeth Rumetshofer · Alex Fedorov · Saloni Dash · Jacob Pfau · Sabina Tomkins · Colin Targonski · Michael Brudno · Xinyu Li · Yiyang Yu · Nisarg Patel