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Cyclic orthogonal convolutions for long-range integration of features
Federica Freddi · Jezabel Garcia · Michael Bromberg · Sepehr Jalali · Da-shan Shiu · Alvin Chua · Alberto Bernacchia

Mon Dec 13 09:00 AM -- 10:00 AM (PST) @
Event URL: https://openreview.net/forum?id=868DWd46dv2 »
In Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) information flows across a small neighbourhood of each pixel of an image, preventing long-range integration of features before reaching deep layers in the network. Inspired by the neurons of the human visual cortex responding to similar but distant visual features, we propose a novel architecture that allows efficient information flow between features $z$ and locations $(x,y)$ across the entire image with a small number of layers.This architecture uses a cycle of three orthogonal convolutions, not only in $(x,y)$ coordinates, but also in $(x,z)$ and $(y,z)$ coordinates. We stack a sequence of such cycles to obtain our deep network, named CycleNet. When compared to CNNs of similar size, our model obtains competitive results at image classification on CIFAR-10 and ImageNet datasets.We hypothesise that long-range integration favours recognition of objects by shape rather than texture, and we show that CycleNet transfers better than CNNs to stylised images. On the Pathfinder challenge, where integration of distant features is crucial, CycleNet outperforms CNNs by a large margin. Code has been made available at: https://github.com/netX21/Submission

Author Information

Federica Freddi (MediaTek Research)

Federica is currently working as Deep Learning Researcher at MediaTek Research, having recently graduated in Information Engineering from the University of Cambridge in June 2019. Her master thesis focused on computer vision, for which she introduced a new framework to improve the scalability of current state-of-the-art semantic localisation algorithms by introducing a novel semi-automatic labeling pipeline. During her time in university, Federica has been involved in several activities and competitions; most notable of which was winning The Open Data Championship UK in 2017, going on to represent the UK in the world championship. She has also had experience in Data Engineering and iOS Software Engineering through internships. Federica started coding at a young age and, while still in high school, she took part in an international summer school developing a web platform to identify microbiota dysbiosis in childhood using machine learning. She was recognized as a potential future leader in engineering by the Royal Academy of Engineering in 2017, receiving an Engineering Leadership Scholarship. Federica was the overall winner of the UK DevelopHer Awards in 2018.

Jezabel Garcia (MediaTek Research)
Michael Bromberg (Mediatek Research)
Sepehr Jalali (Mediatek Research)
Da-shan Shiu (University of California Berkeley)
Alvin Chua (MedaiTek Research)
Alberto Bernacchia (MediaTek Research)

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