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AMP: Automatically Finding Model Parallel Strategies with Heterogeneity Awareness
Dacheng Li · Hongyi Wang · Eric Xing · Hao Zhang

Wed Nov 30 02:00 PM -- 04:00 PM (PST) @ Hall J #200
Scaling up model sizes can lead to fundamentally new capabilities in many machine learning (ML) tasks. However, training big models requires strong distributed system expertise to carefully design model-parallel execution strategies that suit the model architectures and cluster setups. In this paper, we develop AMP, a framework that automatically derives such strategies. AMP identifies a valid space of model parallelism strategies and efficiently searches the space for high-performed strategies, by leveraging a cost model designed to capture the heterogeneity of the model and cluster specifications. Unlike existing methods, AMP is specifically tailored to support complex models composed of uneven layers and cluster setups with more heterogeneous accelerators and bandwidth. We evaluate AMP on popular modelsand cluster setups from public clouds and show that AMP returns parallel strategies that match the expert-tuned strategies on typical cluster setups. On heterogeneous clusters or models with heterogeneous architectures, AMP finds strategies with 1.54$\times$ and 1.77$\times$ higher throughput than state-of-the-art model-parallel systems, respectively.

Author Information

Dacheng Li (Carnegie Mellon University)
Hongyi Wang (Carnegie Mellon University)
Eric Xing (Petuum Inc.)
Hao Zhang (University of California, Berkeley)

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