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Censored Quantile Regression Neural Networks for Distribution-Free Survival Analysis
Tim Pearce · Jong-Hyeon Jeong · yichen jia · Jun Zhu

Tue Nov 29 09:00 AM -- 11:00 AM (PST) @ Hall J #909

This paper considers doing quantile regression on censored data using neural networks (NNs). This adds to the survival analysis toolkit by allowing direct prediction of the target variable, along with a distribution-free characterisation of uncertainty, using a flexible function approximator. We begin by showing how an algorithm popular in linear models can be applied to NNs. However, the resulting procedure is inefficient, requiring sequential optimisation of an individual NN at each desired quantile. Our major contribution is a novel algorithm that simultaneously optimises a grid of quantiles output by a single NN. To offer theoretical insight into our algorithm, we show firstly that it can be interpreted as a form of expectation-maximisation, and secondly that it exhibits a desirable `self-correcting' property. Experimentally, the algorithm produces quantiles that are better calibrated than existing methods on 10 out of 12 real datasets.

Author Information

Tim Pearce (Microsoft Research)
Jong-Hyeon Jeong (University of Pittsburgh)
yichen jia
Jun Zhu (Tsinghua University)

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