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Faster Stochastic Algorithms for Minimax Optimization under Polyak-{\L}ojasiewicz Condition
Lesi Chen · Boyuan Yao · Luo Luo

This paper considers stochastic first-order algorithms for minimax optimization under Polyak-{\L}ojasiewicz (PL) conditions. We propose SPIDER-GDA for solving the finite-sum problem of the form $\min_x \max_y f(x,y)\triangleq \frac{1}{n} \sum_{i=1}^n f_i(x,y)$, where the objective function $f(x,y)$ is $\mu_x$-PL in $x$ and $\mu_y$-PL in $y$; and each $f_i(x,y)$ is $L$-smooth. We prove SPIDER-GDA could find an $\epsilon$-approximate solution within ${\mathcal O}\left((n + \sqrt{n}\,\kappa_x\kappa_y^2)\log (1/\epsilon)\right)$ stochastic first-order oracle (SFO) complexity, which is better than the state-of-the-art method whose SFO upper bound is ${\mathcal O}\big((n + n^{2/3}\kappa_x\kappa_y^2)\log (1/\epsilon)\big)$, where $\kappa_x\triangleq L/\mu_x$ and $\kappa_y\triangleq L/\mu_y$.For the ill-conditioned case, we provide an accelerated algorithm to reduce the computational cost further. It achieves $\tilde{{\mathcal O}}\big((n+\sqrt{n}\,\kappa_x\kappa_y)\log^2 (1/\epsilon)\big)$ SFO upper bound when $\kappa_x\geq\sqrt{n}$. Our ideas also can be applied to the more general setting that the objective function only satisfies PL condition for one variable. Numerical experiments validate the superiority of proposed methods.

Author Information

Lesi Chen (Fudan University)
Boyuan Yao
Luo Luo (Fudan University)

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