Timezone: »

Incremental Fourier Neural Operator
Jiawei Zhao · Robert Joseph George · Yifei Zhang · Zongyi Li · Anima Anandkumar
Event URL: https://openreview.net/forum?id=duCmFUWpxVj »

Recently, neural networks have proven their impressive ability to solve partial differential equations (PDEs). Among them, Fourier neural operator (FNO) has shown success in learning solution operators for highly non-linear problems such as turbulence flow. FNO is discretization-invariant, where it can be trained on low-resolution data and generalizes to problems with high-resolution. This property is related to the low-pass filters in FNO, where only a limited number of frequency modes are selected to propagate information. However, it is still a challenge to select an appropriate number of frequency modes and training resolution for different PDEs. Too few frequency modes and low-resolution data hurt generalization, while too many frequency modes and high-resolution data are computationally expensive and lead to over-fitting. To this end, we propose Incremental Fourier Neural Operator (IFNO), which augments both the frequency modes and data resolution incrementally during training. We show that IFNO achieves better generalization (around 15% reduction on testing L2 loss) while reducing the computational cost by 35%, compared to the standard FNO. In addition, we observe that IFNO follows the behavior of implicit regularization in FNO, which explains its excellent generalization ability.

Author Information

Jiawei Zhao (Caltech)
Robert Joseph George (University of Alberta)
Yifei Zhang (University of Wisconsin - Madison)
Zongyi Li (Washington University in St. Louis)
Anima Anandkumar (NVIDIA / Caltech)

More from the Same Authors