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On the Ramifications of Human Label Uncertainty
Chen Zhou · Mohit Prabhushankar · Ghassan AlRegib

Humans exhibit disagreement during data labeling. We term this disagreement as human label uncertainty. In this work, we study the ramifications of human label uncertainty (HLU). Our evaluation of existing uncertainty estimation algorithms, with the presence of HLU, indicates the limitations of existing uncertainty metrics and algorithms themselves in response to HLU. Meanwhile, we observe undue effects in predictive uncertainty and generalizability. To mitigate the undue effects, we introduce a novel natural scene statistics (NSS) based label dilution training scheme without requiring massive human labels. Specifically, we first select a subset of samples with low perceptual quality ranked by statistical regularities of images. We then assign separate labels to each sample in this subset to obtain a training set with diluted labels. Our experiments and analysis demonstrate that training with NSS-based label dilution alleviates the undue effects caused by HLU.

Author Information

Chen Zhou (Georgia Institute of Technology)
Mohit Prabhushankar (Georgia Institute of Technology)

Mohit Prabhushankar received his Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), Atlanta, Georgia, 30332, USA, in 2021. He is currently a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology in the Omni Lab for Intelligent Visual Engineering and Science (OLIVES). He is working in the fields of machine learning, active learning, and robust and explainable AI. He is the recipient of the Best Paper award at ICIP 2019 and Top Viewed Special Session Paper Award at ICIP 2020. He is the recipient of the ECE Outstanding Graduate Teaching Award, the CSIP Research award, and of the Roger P Webb ECE Graduate Research Assistant Excellence award, all in 2022.

Ghassan AlRegib (Georgia Institute of Technology)

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