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Workshop: AI for Science: Mind the Gaps

Transfer Learning Approaches for Knowledge Discovery in Grid-based Geo-Spatiotemporal Data

Aishwarya Sarkar · Chaoqun Lu · Ali Jannesari


Extracting and meticulously analyzing geo-spatiotemporal features is crucial to recognize intricate underlying causes of natural events, such as floods. Limited evidence about hidden factors leading to climate change makes it challenging to predict regional water discharge accurately. In addition, the explosive growth in complex geo-spatiotemporal environment data that requires repeated learning by the state-of-the-art neural networks for every new region emphasizes the need for new computationally efficient methods, advanced computational resources, and extensive training on a massive amount of available monitored data. We, therefore, propose HydroDeep, an effectively reusable pretrained model to address this problem of transferring knowledge from one region to another by effectively capturing their intrinsic geo-spatiotemporal variance. Further, we present four transfer learning approaches on HydroDeep for spatiotemporal interpretability that improve Nash–Sutcliffe efficiency by 9% to 108% in new regions with a 95% reduction in time