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Workshop: Generative AI for Education (GAIED): Advances, Opportunities, and Challenges

Paper 19: Exploring Student-ChatGPT Dialogue in EFL Writing Education

Jieun Han · Haneul Yoo · Junho Myung · Minsun Kim · Tak Yeon Lee · So-Yeon Ahn · Alice Oh

Keywords: [ Learner-ChatGPT Interaction ] [ Generative AI ] [ Essay Writing ] [ education ] [ EFL learners ] [ ChatGPT ]


The integration of generative AI in education is expanding, yet empirical analyses of large-scale and real-world interactions between students and AI systems still remain limited. Addressing this gap, we present RECIPE4U (RECIPE for University), a dataset sourced from a semester-long experiment with 213 college students in English as Foreign Language (EFL) writing courses. During the study, students engaged in dialogues with ChatGPT to revise their essays. RECIPE4U includes comprehensive records of these interactions, including conversation logs, students' intent, students' self-rated satisfaction, and students' essay edit histories. In particular, we annotate the students' utterances in RECIPE4U with 13 intention labels based on our coding schemes. We establish baseline results for two subtasks in task-oriented dialogue systems within educational contexts: intent detection and satisfaction estimation. As a foundational step, we explore student-ChatGPT interaction patterns through RECIPE4U and analyze them by focusing on students' dialogue and students' essay edits. We further illustrate potential applications of RECIPE4U dataset for enhancing the incorporation of LLMs in educational frameworks.RECIPE4U is publicly available at

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