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Workshop: UniReps: Unifying Representations in Neural Models

Evaluation of Representational Similarity Scores Across Human Visual Cortex

Francisco Acosta · Colin Conwell · David Klindt · Nina Miolane

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presentation: UniReps: Unifying Representations in Neural Models
Fri 15 Dec 6:15 a.m. PST — 3:15 p.m. PST


We investigate several popular methods for quantifying the similarity between neural representations applied to a large-scale fMRI dataset of human ventral visual cortex. We focus on representational geometry as a framework for comparing various functionally-defined high-level regions of interest (ROIs) in the ventral stream. We benchmark Representational Similarity Analysis, Centered Kernel Alignment, and Generalized Shape Metrics. We explore how well the geometry implied by pairwise representational dissimilarity scores produced by each method matches the 2D anatomical geometry of visual cortex. Our results suggest that while these methods yield similar outcomes, Shape Metrics provide distances between representations whose relation to the anatomical geometry is most invariant across subjects. Our work establishes a criterion with which to compare methods for quantifying representational similarity with implications for studying the anatomical organization of high-level ventral visual cortex.

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