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Workshop: Workshop on Distribution Shifts: New Frontiers with Foundation Models

Are all classes created equal? Domain Generalization for Domain-Linked Classes

Kimathi Kaai · Saad Hossain · Sirisha Rambhatla

Keywords: [ distribution shifts ] [ Domain generalization ] [ Fairness ] [ transfer learning ]

Abstract: Domain generalization (DG) focuses on transferring domain-invariant knowledge from multiple source domains (available at train time) to an $\textit{a priori}$ unseen target domain(s). This task implicitly assumes that a class of interest is expressed in multiple source domains ($\textit{domain-shared}$), which helps break the spurious correlations between domain and class and enables domain-invariant learning. However, we observe that this results in extremely poor generalization performance for classes only expressed in a specific domain ($\textit{domain-linked}$). To this end, we develop a contrastive and fairness based algorithm -- $\texttt{FOND}$ -- to learn generalizable representations for these domain-linked classes by transferring useful representations from domain-shared classes. We perform rigorous experiments against popular baselines across benchmark datasets to demonstrate that given a sufficient number of domain-shared classes $\texttt{FOND}$ achieves SOTA results for domain-linked DG.

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