Zero-Shot Anomaly Detection via Batch Normalization

Aodong Li · Chen Qiu · Marius Kloft · Padhraic Smyth · Maja Rudolph · Stephan Mandt

Great Hall & Hall B1+B2 (level 1) #1017
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Tue 12 Dec 8:45 a.m. PST — 10:45 a.m. PST


Anomaly detection (AD) plays a crucial role in many safety-critical application domains. The challenge of adapting an anomaly detector to drift in the normal data distribution, especially when no training data is available for the "new normal," has led to the development of zero-shot AD techniques. In this paper, we propose a simple yet effective method called Adaptive Centered Representations (ACR) for zero-shot batch-level AD. Our approach trains off-the-shelf deep anomaly detectors (such as deep SVDD) to adapt to a set of inter-related training data distributions in combination with batch normalization, enabling automatic zero-shot generalization for unseen AD tasks. This simple recipe, batch normalization plus meta-training, is a highly effective and versatile tool. Our results demonstrate the first zero-shot AD results for tabular data and outperform existing methods in zero-shot anomaly detection and segmentation on image data from specialized domains.

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