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Workshop: Machine Learning and the Physical Sciences

Generating Calorimeter Showers as Point Clouds

Simon Schnake · Dirk Kr├╝cker · Kerstin Borras


In particle physics, precise simulations are necessary to enable scientific progress. However, accurate simulations of the interaction processes in calorimeters are complex and computationally very expensive, demanding a large fraction of the available computing resources in particle physics at present. Various generative models have been proposed to reduce this computational cost. Usually, these models interpret calorimeter showers as 3D images in which each active cell of the detector is represented as a voxel. This approach becomes difficult for high-granularity calorimeters due to the larger sparsity of the data. In this study, we use this sparseness to our advantage and interpret the calorimeter showers as point clouds. More precisely, we consider each hit as part of a hit distribution depending on a global latent calorimeter shower distribution. A first model to learn calorimeter showers as point clouds is presented. The model is evaluated on a high granular calorimeter dataset.

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