Affinity Workshop: Women in Machine Learning

Improving Induced Valence Recognition by Integrating Acoustic Sound Semantics in Movies

Shreya Upadhyay · Bo-Hao Su · Chi-Chun Lee


Every sound event that we receive and produce everyday carry certain emotional cues. Recently, developing computational methods to recognize induced emotion in movies using content-based modeling is gaining more attention. Most of the existing works treat this as a task of multimodal audio-visual modeling; while these approaches are promising, this type of holistic modeling underestimates the impact of various semantically meaningful events designed in movies. In specifics, acoustic sound semantics such as human sounds in movies can significantly direct the viewer’s attention to emotional content in movies. This work explores the use of cross-modal attention mechanism in modeling how the verbal and non-verbal human sound semantics affect induced valence jointly with conventional audio-visual content-based modeling. Our proposed method integrates both self and cross-modal attention into a feature-based transformer (Fea-TF CSMA) architecture, where it obtains a 49.74% of accuracy with frame-wise prediction on seven-class valence classification on the COGNIMUSE movie. Further analysis reveals insights about the effect of human verbal and non-verbal acoustic sound semantics on induced valence.

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