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Workshop: New Frontiers in Graph Learning

Differentially Private Graph Learning via Sensitivity-Bounded Personalized PageRank

Alessandro Epasto · Vahab Mirrokni · Bryan Perozzi · Anton Tsitsulin · Peilin Zhong

Keywords: [ ranking ] [ Personalized Page Rank ] [ differential privacy ] [ graph algorithms ]


Personalized PageRank (PPR) is a fundamental tool in unsupervised learning of graph representations such as node ranking, labeling, and graph embedding. However, while data privacy is one of the most important recent concerns, existing PPR algorithms are not designed to protect user privacy. PPR is highly sensitive to the input graph edges: the difference of only one edge may cause a big change in the PPR vector, potentially leaking private user data.In this work, we propose an algorithm which outputs an approximate PPR and has provably bounded sensitivity to input edges. In addition, we prove that our algorithm achieves similar accuracy to non-private algorithms when the input graph has large degrees. Our sensitivity-bounded PPR directly implies private algorithms for several tools of graph learning, such as, differentially private (DP) PPR ranking, DP node classification, and DP node embedding. To complement our theoretical analysis, we also empirically verify the practical performances of our algorithms.

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