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Workshop: Machine Learning and the Physical Sciences

Geometry-aware Autoregressive Models for Calorimeter Shower Simulations

Junze Liu · Aishik Ghosh · Dylan Smith · Pierre Baldi · Daniel Whiteson


Calorimeter shower simulations are often the bottleneck in simulation time for particle physics detectors. A lot of effort is currently spent on optimising generative architectures for specific detector geometries, which generalise poorly. We develop a geometry-aware autoregressive model on a range of calorimeter geometries such that the model learns to adapt its energy deposition depending on the size and position of the cells. This is a key proof-of-concept step towards building a model that can generalize to new unseen calorimeter geometries with little to no additional training. Such a model can replace the hundreds of generative models used for calorimeter simulation a Large Hadron Collider experiment. For the study of future detectors, such a model will dramatically reduce the large upfront investment usually needed in generating simulations.

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