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Workshop: Machine Learning and the Physical Sciences

Diversity Balancing Generative Adversarial Networks for fast simulation of the Zero Degree Calorimeter in the ALICE experiment at CERN

Jan Dubiński · Kamil Deja · Sandro Wenzel · Przemysław Rokita · Tomasz Trzcinski


Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) are powerful models able to synthesize data samples closely resembling the distribution of real data, yet the diversity of those generated samples is limited due to the so-called mode collapse phenomenon observed in GANs. Conditional GANs are especially prone to mode collapse, as they tend to ignore the input noise vector and focus on the conditional information. Recent methods proposed to mitigate this limitation increase the diversity of generated samples, yet they reduce the performance of the models when similarity of samples is required. To address this shortcoming, we propose a novel method to control the diversity of GAN-generated samples. By adding a simple, yet effective regularization to the training loss function we encourage the generator to discover new data modes for inputs related to diverse outputs while generating consistent samples for the remaining ones. More precisely, we reward or penalize the model for synthesising diverse images, matching the diversity of real and generated samples for a given conditional input. We show the superiority of our method on simulating data from the Zero Degree Calorimeter of the ALICE experiment in LHC, CERN.

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