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A Unified Framework for Alternating Offline Model Training and Policy Learning

Shentao Yang · Shujian Zhang · Yihao Feng · Mingyuan Zhou

Hall J (level 1) #402

Keywords: [ Model-based Reinforcement Learning ] [ offline reinforcement learning ] [ Mismatched Model Objectives ]


In offline model-based reinforcement learning (offline MBRL), we learn a dynamic model from historically collected data, and subsequently utilize the learned model and fixed datasets for policy learning, without further interacting with the environment. Offline MBRL algorithms can improve the efficiency and stability of policy learning over the model-free algorithms. However, in most of the existing offline MBRL algorithms, the learning objectives for the dynamic models and the policies are isolated from each other. Such an objective mismatch may lead to inferior performance of the learned agents. In this paper, we address this issue by developing an iterative offline MBRL framework, where we maximize a lower bound of the true expected return, by alternating between dynamic-model training and policy learning. With the proposed unified model-policy learning framework, we achieve competitive performance on a wide range of continuous-control offline reinforcement learning datasets. Source code is released at

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