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Randomized Sketches for Clustering: Fast and Optimal Kernel $k$-Means

Rong Yin · Yong Liu · Weiping Wang · Dan Meng

Hall J (level 1) #538

Keywords: [ Randomized Sketches ] [ Statistical Analysis ] [ Kernel k-Means ]

Abstract: Kernel $k$-means is arguably one of the most common approaches to clustering. In this paper, we investigate the efficiency of kernel $k$-means combined with randomized sketches in terms of both statistical analysis and computational requirements. More precisely, we propose a unified randomized sketches framework to kernel $k$-means and investigate its excess risk bounds, obtaining the state-of-the-art risk bound with only a fraction of computations. Indeed, we prove that it suffices to choose the sketch dimension $\Omega(\sqrt{n})$ to obtain the same accuracy of exact kernel $k$-means with greatly reducing the computational costs, for sub-Gaussian sketches, the randomized orthogonal system (ROS) sketches, and Nystr\"{o}m kernel $k$-means, where $n$ is the number of samples. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first result of this kind for unsupervised learning. Finally, the numerical experiments on simulated data and real-world datasets validate our theoretical analysis.

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