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A Universal Error Measure for Input Predictions Applied to Online Graph Problems

Giulia Bernardini · Alexander Lindermayr · Alberto Marchetti-Spaccamela · Nicole Megow · Leen Stougie · Michelle Sweering

Hall J (level 1) #314

Keywords: [ online algorithms ] [ network design ] [ TSP ] [ prediction error ] [ routing ] [ untrusted predictions ] [ learning-augmented algorithms ]


We introduce a novel measure for quantifying the error in input predictions. The error is based on a minimum-cost hyperedge cover in a suitably defined hypergraph and provides a general template which we apply to online graph problems. The measure captures errors due to absent predicted requests as well as unpredicted actual requests; hence, predicted and actual inputs can be of arbitrary size. We achieve refined performance guarantees for previously studied network design problems in the online-list model, such as Steiner tree and facility location. Further, we initiate the study of learning-augmented algorithms for online routing problems, such as the online traveling salesperson problem and the online dial-a-ride problem, where (transportation) requests arrive over time (online-time model). We provide a general algorithmic framework and we give error-dependent performance bounds that improve upon known worst-case barriers, when given accurate predictions, at the cost of slightly increased worst-case bounds when given predictions of arbitrary quality.

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