Learning Generalized Policy Automata for Relational Stochastic Shortest Path Problems

Rushang Karia · Rashmeet Kaur Nayyar · Siddharth Srivastava

Hall J #338

Keywords: [ transfer learning ] [ Stochastic Shortest Path Problems ] [ Model-based Policy Learning ] [ Relational Abstractions ] [ sequential decision making ] [ generalization ]


Several goal-oriented problems in the real-world can be naturally expressed as Stochastic Shortest Path problems (SSPs). However, the computational complexity of solving SSPs makes finding solutions to even moderately sized problems intractable. State-of-the-art SSP solvers are unable to learn generalized solutions or policies that would solve multiple problem instances with different object names and/or quantities. This paper presents an approach for learning \emph{Generalized Policy Automata} (GPA): non-deterministic partial policies that can be used to catalyze the solution process. GPAs are learned using relational, feature-based abstractions, which makes them applicable on broad classes of related problems with different object names and quantities. Theoretical analysis of this approach shows that it guarantees completeness and hierarchical optimality. Empirical analysis shows that this approach effectively learns broadly applicable policy knowledge in a few-shot fashion and significantly outperforms state-of-the-art SSP solvers on test problems whose object counts are far greater than those used during training.

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