xView3-SAR: Detecting Dark Fishing Activity Using Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery

Fernando Paolo · Tsu-ting Tim Lin · Ritwik Gupta · Bryce Goodman · Nirav Patel · Daniel Kuster · David Kroodsma · Jared Dunnmon

Hall J #1018

Keywords: [ remote sensing ] [ dark vessel ] [ synthetic aperture radar ] [ illegal fishing ] [ dataset ] [ Object Detection ] [ social good ]

[ Abstract ]
[ Paper [ Poster [ OpenReview
Tue 29 Nov 9 a.m. PST — 11 a.m. PST


Unsustainable fishing practices worldwide pose a major threat to marine resources and ecosystems. Identifying vessels that do not show up in conventional monitoring systems---known as ``dark vessels''---is key to managing and securing the health of marine environments. With the rise of satellite-based synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging and modern machine learning (ML), it is now possible to automate detection of dark vessels day or night, under all-weather conditions. SAR images, however, require a domain-specific treatment and are not widely accessible to the ML community. Maritime objects (vessels and offshore infrastructure) are relatively small and sparse, challenging traditional computer vision approaches. We present the largest labeled dataset for training ML models to detect and characterize vessels and ocean structures in SAR imagery. xView3-SAR consists of nearly 1,000 analysis-ready SAR images from the Sentinel-1 mission that are, on average, 29,400-by-24,400 pixels each. The images are annotated using a combination of automated and manual analysis. Co-located bathymetry and wind state rasters accompany every SAR image. We also provide an overview of the xView3 Computer Vision Challenge, an international competition using xView3-SAR for ship detection and characterization at large scale. We release the data (\href{}{}) and code (\href{}{}) to support ongoing development and evaluation of ML approaches for this important application.

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