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Workshop: Machine Learning in Structural Biology Workshop

Protein Structure and Sequence Generation with Equivariant Denoising Diffusion Probabilistic Models

Namrata Anand · Tudor Achim


Proteins are macromolecules that mediate a significant fraction of the cellular processes that underlie life. An important task in bioengineering is designing proteins with specific 3D structures and chemical properties which enable targeted functions. To this end, we introduce a generative model of both protein structure and sequence that can operate at significantly larger scales than previous molecular generative modeling approaches. The model is learned entirely from experimental data and conditions its generation on a compact specification of protein topology to produce a full-atom backbone configuration as well as sequence and side-chain predictions. We demonstrate the quality of the model via qualitative and quantitative analysis of its samples. We show how the model can be applied to protein structure determination such as in CryoEM and present results on predicting domain structures to simulated electron densities at varying resolutions. Videos of sampling trajectories are available at

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